Branches Of Geography

branches of geography
Written by Waseem Raza

Branches Of Geography

The field of geography is a vast with thousands of researchers working in dozens of interesting sub-disciplines or branches of geography. Geography is divided into two main branches: Definitions of geography

Human Geography

Human Geography is the branch of social science that deals with the study of people and their communities, cultures, economies, and interactions with the environment by studying their relations with and across space and place. This is the main branch at Geography and it mainly covers studies of the human race. This normally involves their backgrounds, how they interact and their perceptions about various ideologies. Human geography consists of a number of sub-disciplinary fields that focus on different elements of human activity and organization. One of them is commercial Geography.

Commercial Geography

Commercial geography is a sub-discipline that uses a geographical approach to study the economy. Commercial geographers examine the distribution of production and distribution of goods, the distribution of wealth, and the spatial structure of economic conditions. It describes and explain the absolute and relative location of economic activities, and the flows of information, raw materials, goods, and people that connect otherwise separate local, regional, and national economies.

Physical Geography

Physical Geography (also known as geosystems or physiographic) is one of the two major sub-fields of Geography. Physical geography is that branch of natural sciences which deals with the study of processes and patterns in the natural environment like the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere and geosphere as opposed to the cultural or built environment.


As economic geography is a very wide discipline, the economic geographers using many different methodologies in the study of economic phenomenon in the world? There are many approches in economic approachesi.e Traditional approaches, philosophic approaches and modern approches. Here we discuss traditional approach of economic geography.

Traditional Approach

Traditional approaches are the approaches which are common in geography and frequently used in Commercial geography. These are:

Regional Approach

In a Commercial geography, the term ‘region’ is very popular. It examines the economic conditions of a particular region i.e. climatic region, a natural region, an industrial region, an agricultural region, an administrative region or political region. So several geographers have chosen this region approach in economic geography because it gives better knowledge of different parts of system, their relationship to each other and to the system as a whole.

Commodity Approach

The commodity approach describes the distribution pattern of a commodity, or an industry (cotton textile industry) or a human occupation (fishing). The commodity approach is very popular. It analyzes the division and sequence of their development.

Principles Approach

In every sphere of human activity certain rules and principles hold well, they provide the foundation upon which the different structures based. Economic regions are based on certain fundamental principles. In the case of extraction of minerals, or the localization of industries or the exchange of commodities different principles based. Read more

Leave a Comment