Agricultural Resources Of Pakistan: Agriculture is a vital sector of Pakistan’s economy. The Economy of Pakistan largely depends on its agricultural resources because it provides livelihood to millions of peoples. Pakistan’s agricultural sector accounts for about 70 percent of rural household income and nearly one-quarter of national GDP. In Pakistan, farm production is dominated by a few crops. The most important crops are wheat, sugarcane, cotton, and rice, which together account for more than 75% of the value of total crop output.
Pakistan’s largest food crop is wheat. Pakistan exports rice, cotton and fruits to the other countries. The government introduced agriculture assistance policies, including increased support prices for many agricultural commodities and expanded availability of agricultural credit for the farmers in order to get maximum agricultural output. Agricultural reforms, including increased wheat and oilseed production, play a central role in the government’s economic reform package. Pakistan depends on one of the world’s largest irrigation systems to support its forming.
Some seeds like seed of Mustard, Sunflower and Soybean are also very important cash crops but vegetable oil is mostly manufactured from the cotton seeds. These crops are helpful to strengthen the economy and to save a lot of foreign exchange for the country. Sunflower and mustard are the major oilseeds of Pakistan. The production of oilseeds can he greatly increased through government policy measures and technological developments. Oilseeds can also be grown profitably on fallow lands in Barani areas.
Livestock is a subsector of Pakistan’s agriculture which contributes approximately 56% of value addition in agriculture and nearly 11% to the gross domestic product (GDP). It contribution towards agriculture sector is very significant where large scale mechanization has not taken place. Animals pull farming equipment’s and provide peoples with meat, milk and eggs. Cow dung is used as a fuel and fertilizers. Moreover, animals supply skin, wool and leather etc. In the Pakistani livestock sector, milk is the single most important commodity. The share of livestock in the agriculture sector is significant due to its overall contribution. It plays an important role in poverty reduction strategies, and this sector may be developed very quickly as all required inputs for this sector are available in adequate quantities in the country. Read more
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