Adverb is a word which modifies the meaning of a Verb, an Adjective, or another Adverb. An Adverb is a word used to modify any Part of Speech (except Noun or Pronoun) or a whole sentence.
- The fox runs quickly.
- Saba is a very beautiful girl.
- The bird flew exactly over our head.
- The machine is completely out of order.
- He has hardly any friend.
- I dislike him simply because he is a liar.
- Unfortunately, he could not continue his studies.
- She sings extremely well.
Kinds of Adverbs
There are three kinds of Adverbs:
- Simple Adverbs
- Relative or Conjunctive Adverbs
- Interrogative Adverbs
1- Simple Adverb
Simple Adverbs are of seven kinds:
(1) Adverbs of Place:
They tell us of the place where some action is being done, For example; stand here. Go there. Come In.
List: here, there, hence, thence, far, out, down, aside, forward, above, below, ahead. overhead, etc.
(2) Adverbs of Time
Words or group of words which tell us of the time of an action is called Adverbs or Adverbials of Time.
- The train arrived late.
- He came here yesterday.
- He seldom plays cricket.
- Abid frequently goes to Lahore.
List: Now, tren, before, since, ago, always, already, often, seldom, once, twice, thrice, again, late, afterwards, today, yesterday, tomorrow, daily, early, frequently, presently, immediately etc.
(3) Adverbs of Manner
They tell us of the way or manner in which an action is done.
- Rizwan reads clearly.
- The child slept soundly.
- The soldiers fought bravely.
- The boy has been treated badly.
List: Clarly, closely, correctively, bravely, badly, sadly, softly, steadily, slowly, soundly, simply, suddenly, carefully, easily. possibly, luckily, fortunately, unfortunately, naturally, wrongly, well, etc.
(4) Adverbs of Degree
They tell us how much, to what extent or in what degree. an action is done.
- He is fully prepared.
- He is good enough for his duties.
- She is quite happy.
- The fruit is almost ripe.
- He was too careless to be mentioned.
- He runs very fast.
List: Almost, quite, very, much, fully, partly, wholly, completely, totally, strongly, entirely, greatly, poorly, halt, enough, somewhat, altogether, too, little, a little, rather etc.
(5) Adverbs of Number or Frequency
They tell us how often or how many times or how frequently an action is done.
- I always speak the truth.
- I have read the book thrice.
- He never comes late.
(6) Adverbs Of Negation and Affirmation
They tell us that some action is done or not done
- l certainly help you
- It is not my book.
- Perhaps you are right.
List: not, no, yes, indeed, perhaps. certainly etc.
(7) Adverbs of Reason
hey tell us why some action was done or not done.
- He is ill, so he cannot go to the college.
- He, therefore, left the school.
List: hence, therefore, so, so that, etc.
2- Relative or Conjunctive Adverbs
The Relative Adverb joins two sentences together artd shows its relation to its antecedent expressed or understood.
when, how, why, where, what etc. are the Relative Adverbs.
- Show me the house where ho was born.
- I do not know why he disobeyed me.
- You may go where you like
- We do not know how it is done.
- We shall go when he comes.
NOTE: “The” as a Relative Adverb:
“The” is sometimes used as a Relative Adverb which is always followed by another Adverb of Comparative degree.
1. The sooner, the better.
2 The more they have, the more they want.
3- Interrogative Adverbs
When Adverbs are used in asking questions, they are called Interrogative Adverbs.
List: when, where, why. how, how many, how much, how often, how far, how long, how high, etc.
1- Interrogative Adverb of Place: Where is Abid? 2- Interrogative Adverb of Time: When did he come?
3- Interrogative Adverb of Reason: Why are you late?
4- Interrogative Adverb of Manner: How did he do this?
5- Interrogative Adverb of Number: How many students are there?
6- Interrogative Adverb of Quantity: How much milk would you take?
7- Interrogative Adverb of Frequency: How often are the pups born?
8- Interrogative Adverb of Degree: How far was the report true? Read more
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